CouchDB

Apache CouchDB is a solid document store.

Bootstrap

$ docker run -d -p 5984:5984 --name couchdb klaemo/couchdb
$ curl $(docker-machine ip):5984
{"couchdb":"Welcome","version":"1df597f","vendor":{"name":"The Apache Software Foundation"}}

Views

Views are a good tool for querying a database.

Permanent Views are stored in the database as /db/_design/ddoc.

Temporary Views are not stored in the database. These are useful for development.

Map Functions

Views are defined by functions that map view keys to values. The structure of a view function is this:

function (doc) {
  emit(<key>, <value>);
}

This is the most simple example:

function (doc) {
  emit(doc._id, doc);
}

Filters

You can use if statements to filter results based on a certain field. Commonly this is used with a type field on the object.

function (doc) {
  if (doc.type == "<type>") {
    emit(doc._id, doc);
  }
}

Indices

Commonly you want to query data based on the values in arbitrary fields rather than just the id. The index field to you pass to emit can be used for this purpose.

function (doc) {
  emit(<field>, doc);
}
function (doc) {
  emit(doc.firstName+" "+doc.lastName, doc);
}

Reduce Functions

Rereduce

Queries

Resources